There are various factors which influences the taste of wine. Soil, climate, method of storage and age of the wine are some of the common factors which can influence the wine taste.
There are basically two types of wines available in the world – red wine and white wine. They are made from the grapes; white wines are made from the clear juice of the grapes, whereas, for the preparation of the red wines, stems, seeds and skins of the red or black grapes are being used. There are over thousands of varieties of grapes available for the preparation of wines. Each variety has their own distinct character which describes the taste and smell of a particular grape. Some of the common varieties of grapes that are being used for preparation of wines are Acolon, Raboso, Carmine and Fortana.
The second major factor which determines the taste of wine is the climate. In fact, the combination of climate, soil and the altitude where the wine is prepared plays a crucial role in determining its taste. Wines made in the tropical climate are generally more toxic than those prepared in cooler regions. In the same way, higher the altitude of the wine preparation, higher is the acidity content of the wine. Apart from these, wines cooled by sea breezes ripen more slowly than those which are being ripened in the hot and insulated vineyard.
Another factor which plays an important role to influence the wine taste is its tannin content. Tannins are generally found in the skins and stems of grapes, and also in wooden barrels. Tannin is a preserving ingredient, if present in aged wines, it provides a subtle flavor. However, in the new wines, tannin gives a bitter taste.
Apart from the grape variety, soil and climatic condition and the tannin content, one of the other factors which determine the taste of the wine is the process of storage. The wines stored in oak containers generally tastes better than those which are stored in wood containers. Generally European and American oaks are used for storing wines. Also, wines stored in very large barrels influence texture of the wine more than the taste and also display the subtle effects of oak.
The last factor which contributes towards the taste of wine is the ageing process. The older the wine, the tastier it is. Some of the countries have strict laws regarding the ageing of the wine.